Acronyms, Abbreviations and Definitions

Abbreviation/Acronym Namesort descending
AI
Artificial Intelligence
ARCM
Asteroid Redirect Crewed Mission
ATV
Automated Transfer Vehicle
Bio.
Biological
Biomech.
Biomechanical
CASIS
Center for the Advancement of Science in Space
CNSA
China National Space Administration
CELSS
Controlled Ecological Life Support System
DARPA
Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (U.S.A.)
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
L1, L2, L3, L4, L5
Earth Moon Lagrange Points
EOS
Earth Observation System
EM
Electromagnetic
Enviro.
Environmental
ESA
European Space Agency
EELV
Evolved Expendable Launch Vehicle
ETF
Exchange Traded Fund
ESP
External Stowage Platform
EVA
Extra Vehicular Activity (Spacewalk)
EMU
Extravehicular Mobility Unit
FGB
Functional Cargo Block
GOES-R
Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite
GEO
Geosynchronous Earth Orbit
GLONASS
Global Navigation Satellite System
GPS
Global Positioning System
G
Gravity
GRAIL
Gravity Recovery and Interior Laboratory
HLV
Heavy Lift Vehicle
He3
Helium 3
HEO
High Earth Orbit
HETE-2
High Energy Transient Explorer
HEDM
High Energy-Density Matter
HASTOL
Hypersonic Airplane Space Tether Orbital Launch
ISRU
In Situ Resource Utilization
IRNSS
Indian Regional Navigational Satellite System
ISRO
Indian Space Research Organization
IR
Infrared
IC
Integrated Circuit
ICE
International Cometary Explorer
ILN
International Lunar Network
ISS
International Space Station
JAXA
Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency
JEM
Japanese Experiment Module (KIBO)
JEM-EF
JEM Exposed Facility
JEM-PM
JEM Pressurized Module
JEM-RMS
JEM Remote Manipulator System
JUICE
Jupiter Icy Moon Explorer
KW
Kilowatt
L1, L2, L3, L4, L5
LaGrange Point
L5
Lagrange Point 240 Miles Following Moon

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